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Jidai Gyrotesu or Precession of Eras during the Kasuga Wakamiya On-Matsuri festival in the ancient city of Nara, Japan:..This is the annual On-Matsuri festival, a traditional Shinto religious festival held at the Kasuga Wakamiya Shrine in the ancient Japanese city of Nara, Japan. This festival which dates back to the twelfth century was first started by Tadamichi Fujiwara, Chief Advisor of the Emperor in 1136 as a way to pray for the eradication of a plague as well as hopes of a bumper crop in the coming year. For many centuries this festival included both Shinto and Buddhist participants, but when Shinto was made the official state religion during the Meiji period (1867-192), the government instituted a policy of separation between Buddhism and Shinto. Ever since, this festival has strictly been a Shinto ceremony held every December 17 on the grounds of Kasuga Taisha Grand Shrine, which Kasuga Wakamiya Shrine is a branch of. During the festival, the Divine Spirit of Wakamiya is temporarily enshrined in the Otabisho, a special shrine set up for just this festival. Several official religious rites are performed throughout the day, as well as the Jidai Gyrotesu, or "Precession of Eras" in which parade participants displays traditional Japanese costumes from various era of Japanese history. There are also displays of court music and dance which goes on well into the night.
- Torin Boyd 2009 - All Rights Reserved
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